Email Disclosures

RBC Wealth Management does not accept buy, sell, or cancel orders by email, or any instructions by email that would require your signature. Information contained in this communication is not considered an official record of your account and does not supersede normal trade confirmations or statements. Any information provided has been prepared from sources believed to be reliable but is not guaranteed, does not represent all available data necessary for making investment decisions and is for informational purposes only. This message is intended only for residents of the states in which the sender is registered as applicable to the content.

This email may be privileged and/or confidential, and the sender does not waive any related rights and obligations. Any distribution, use, or copying of this email or the information it contains by other than an intended recipient is unauthorized. If you receive this email in error, please advise me (by return email or otherwise) immediately.

Information received by or sent from this system is subject to review by supervisory personnel, is retained and may be produced to regulatory authorities or others with a legal right to the information.

Unless specified by the sender, email messages are not encrypted. As such, client sensitive information sent to or received from your RBC Wealth Management Financial Advisor electronically may not be secure.

With respect to the companies that are the subject of an equity research report not authored by our firm that is included in this electronic mail message, RBC Wealth Management is required to disclose to you certain conflicts of interest. Any such disclosures may be obtained by accessing our website or by mailing a request for such information to:

RBC Wealth Management Research Publishing
250 Nicollet Mall, Suite 1800
Minneapolis, MN 55401-1931

RBC Wealth Management, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Member NYSE/FINRA/SIPC.