Here are some ways to pass along inter-generational fiscal wisdom.
Wonderful as it may be to pass along wealth to your children, it’s at least as important to share your financial know-how, philosophy and values with the next generation.
Whether your children are in preschool, high school or beyond, it’s likely neither too early nor too late to teach your kids about money, financial management, saving, investing and giving.
Many high-net-worth parents, however, don’t prepare their children for large inheritances, neglecting to provide guidance or to arrange the wealth transfer in ways that will protect both offspring and nest egg.
“Generally there’s an inverse relationship between wealth and passing on knowledge and values. It’s the reverse of what everyone would think,” says Angie O’Leary, head of Wealth Planning at RBC Wealth Management–U.S.
Families of modest means, motivated by fear of not having enough money, often do pass along financial knowledge, she says. That fear “teaches you how to save, how to invest, how not to be taken advantage of … how to squirrel away every nut.”
In contrast, O’Leary says, many multi-millionaires—uneasy about discussing money—haven’t taught their offspring about finances or given them an “inheritance education” in interacting with portfolio managers, wealth advisers and lawyers. The children may inherit wealth in their 50s or 60s with little clue about how to handle it.
“They’re rather ill-equipped to go out in the real world when they’re called upon to manage and house that wealth,” O’Leary adds, noting financial advisers often see families implode after wealth transfers to the next generation.
Money conversations are important, as U.S. heirs are expected to inherit more than $3.2 trillion within a generation, according to RBC Wealth Management’s Wealth Transfer Report, which was based on a survey of more than 1,200 Americans with average investable assets of $4.3 million.
Among other points, RBC Wealth Management found:
“Most inheritors say they were largely unprepared, unsupported and uninformed about the inheritance process,” RBC Wealth Management reports.
While wealthy parents may shy away from discussing finances with their children, the silence can backfire. A $20 million bequest for someone who has never made a budget can become a personal catastrophe, leading to dangerous lifestyles, bad marriages and other wrong turns, O’Leary says.
“What if the wealth itself is what destroys them emotionally?” she says. “You have to prepare these children long before your passing.”
Dean Deutz, a private wealth consultant with RBC Wealth Management–U.S., says he’s seen family financial education done “in very different ways” and at different ages.
Financial advisers, private bankers and wealth managers often are the best teachers, especially since they’re the ones heirs may turn to later, O’Leary says. “It truly takes a financial village and learning those skill sets early on,” she says.
Indeed, Deutz recalls, there have been times when parents have asked him to join family meetings so that he could share some financial knowledge with their children.
Families that successfully transfer wealth often set up children’s trust accounts with third-party trustees, O’Leary says. Beneficiaries need to learn about the trusts—including budgeting and living within their means—at an early age.
Financial education can start years earlier, as soon as a child is old enough for an allowance.
Business owners often excel at passing along financial know-how and values, as they tend to involve even their young children in the business, Deutz says. The youngsters may start by taking out the trash or otherwise getting their hands dirty.
Putting a child on the payroll can also help them learn to put money aside, he says. An allowance for younger children, often with chores as part of the arrangement, is another way to teach kids about money, spending, saving and charitable giving.
Well-thought-out charitable giving is another way to pass along family values. Deutz describes a woman who started a fund she named Grandma’s Foundation.
“All the grandchildren are on the board of the foundation and they all make contributions to the foundation,” he says. At Saturday morning meetings at Grandma’s house, the young board members get together, look at investment results and present grant proposals to the other grandchildren.
“You can’t go on the board until you’re seven years old, but once you’re seven you’re on the board,” Deutz says. “And they get lunch at Grandma’s house, too.”
RBC Wealth Management, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Member NYSE/FINRA/SIPC.
We want to talk about your financial future.
Investment and insurance products offered through RBC Wealth Management are not insured by the FDIC or any other federal government agency, are not deposits or other obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank or any bank affiliate, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.